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(Answered) "Please read The Trees of the Niu Mountain"" by Mang tzu."

"Please read The Trees of the Niu Mountain"" by Mang tzu.;Questions;[a] Explain what the metaphor of the mountain means.;[b] Does the author think human nature is basically ""good"" (cooperative and constructive) or;bad"" (uncooperative and irrationally destructive)? Do you agree? Explain your answer.;[c] In ethical terms, what are some of the forces that can undermine a beautiful soul or;character? Explain your answer.;[d] Given the date and source of this reading, what can we conclude about the possibility that;some core values are broadly shared among people in diverse cultures? How could such ""core;values"" arise?;2. Please review this Harvard University commencement speech by (then) Federal Reserve;Board Chairman Alan Greenspan. Here are several paragraphs of special interest;I do not deny that many appear to have succeeded in a material way by cutting corners and;manipulating associates, both in their professional and in their personal lives. But material;success is possible in this world and far more satisfying when it comes without exploiting;others. The true measure of a career is to be able to be content, even proud, that you;succeeded through your own endeavors without leaving a trail of casualties in your wake.;I cannot speak for others whose psyches I may not be able to comprehend, but, in my;working life, I have found no greater satisfaction than achieving success through honest;dealings and strict adherence to the view that for you to gain, those you deal with should gain;as well. Human relations--be they personal or professional--should not be zero sum games.;And beyond the personal sense of satisfaction, having a reputation for fair dealing is a;profoundly practical virtue. We call it 'good will' in business and add it to our balance sheets.;Trust is at the root of any economic system based on mutually beneficial exchange. In;virtually all transactions, we rely on the word of those with whom we do business. Were this;not the case, exchange of goods and services could not take place on any reasonable scale.;Our commercial codes and contract law presume that only a tiny fraction of contracts, at;most, need be adjudicated. If a significant number of businesspeople violated the trust upon;which our interactions are based, our court system and our economy would be swamped into;immobility.;Do you think Greenspan is being realistic or naive about the possibility of ""business;ethics?"" Please explain your answer.;3. Please read and think about this quotation;The mind is fickle and flighty, it flies after fancies and whatever it likes, it is difficult indeed to;restrain. But it is a great good to control the mind, a mind self-controlled is a source of great;joy.;--Buddha's Teachings (Penguin Classics, p. 8).;Identify and discuss three strategies you use (or recommend) to strengthen self-control.;Please review and refer to this reading: An interview conducted with Roberto Assagioli by Sam Keen.;ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND (Question three);Many cultures use stories or legends to help people enhance emotional intelligence (longterm, less self-centered thinking). Here's an example from a Native American tradition;An old Cherokee is teaching his grandson about life. 'A fight is going on inside me,' he;said to the boy.;It is a terrible fight and it is between two wolves. One is evil -- he is anger, envy, sorrow;regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride;superiority, and ego.' He continued, 'The other is good - he is joy, peace, love, hope;serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion, and;faith.;The same fight is going on inside you -- and inside every other person, too.;The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, 'Which wolf;will win?;The old Cherokee simply replied, 'The one you feed.;--from ""First People: American Indian Legends;As you complete the seminar, you might consider keeping a small card next to your computer;with the question ""which wolf?"" written on it. See if this experiment influences behavior. Timely;reminders that elicit what Lincoln called ""the better angels of our nature"" are a proven way to;enhance emotional intelligence.;If you'd like to build on these ideas, please watch a short TED video by Shawn Achor, who;teaches for the Advanced Management Program at Wharton Business School. Learn how;Shawn turned his sister into a unicorn (it's a funny and instructive story, with practical;suggestions at the end).;Finally, please see this overview of what the term ""emotional intelligence"" means, the concept;derives from research by psychologist Daniel Goleman, (a Fellow of the American Association for;the Advancement of Science) and is described in this short video (emotional intelligence in the;workplace). The good news in Goleman's research is that emotional intelligence can be learned.;If you'd like a real-life example of how emotional intelligence can grow during a lifetime, consider;the AIS assigned reading about Abraham Lincoln (#5, below).;4. Please read Book One of the Meditations of Roman Emperor and Stoic philosopher Marcus;Aurelius. Then write a concise statement of gratitude identifying the ethical and intellectual debts you;owe to family members, teachers, or friends. Fictitious names are permitted, but the statement of;gratitude should be genuine.;5. Please consider this list of failures and successes in the life of Abraham Lincoln. One of;Lincoln's greatest attributes may have been his ability to recover and learn from failure.;The quality of perseverance seemed especially useful to Lincoln as he struggled with ""melancholy;(what might now be called depression) Please read this related article by Joshua Wolf Shenk. Read;the full article (it's worth your time, this is one of the top-rated readings by students completing the;seminar).;For Lincoln, learning how to persevere also meant learning how to adapt. Based on your;reading of Shenk's complete article, please identify and discuss three of Lincoln's most successful;adaptation strategies (skills, habits, or ways of thinking) that helped him use his struggle with;depression to accomplish worthy goals.;6. Please see the film Shattered Glass (Lionsgate, 2004). You should be able to find the film online;here or on DVD. The DVD cost is about $6. OV instant viewing provides other options. Most college;library film collections have it too. Please contact your tutor immediately if you have any difficulty;finding the film.;Questions;[a] Although the film is not explicit on this point, what seems to be driving Stephen Glass? As;best as you can tell, what are his life goals and aspirations? Did he truly ""know himself;including his own strengths and weaknesses?;[b] Again, we can only hypothesize, but--before his downfall-- how do you think Glass would;assess his own intelligence? Is it likely he saw himself as smarter than his colleagues and;editors?;[c] Identify and discuss at least two strategies for deception Glass used. Why did they;ultimately fail?;[d] Did Glass leave what Greenspan called ""a trail of casualties"" in his wake? Who/what was;hurt/damaged by his deception?;[e] What advice would you give to editors about how to avoid hiring someone like Stephen;Glass? What kind of pre-employment screening do you recommend?;BACKGROUND UPDATE (for question six): In January 2014 the California Supreme Court;denied Mr. Glass's petition to become an attorney. This is a rare action -- denying a lawyers;application based on ethical grounds, even though he had completed law school and passed the;state bar exam. But the Court was concerned with Glasss journalistic deceit, despite the fact that;it happened 15 years ago;Glass's journalistic dishonesty was not a single lapse of judgment, which we have;sometimes excused, but involved significant deceit sustained unremittingly for a period of;years.... Glass's deceit also was motivated by professional ambition, betrayed a vicious;mean spirit and a complete lack of compassion for others, along with arrogance and;prejudice against various ethnic groups. In all these respects, his misconduct bore;directly on his character in matters that are "
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